Standard for Solvents
(Excluding Laboratories in Health
This standard is based on the 2000 Kentucky
Fire Prevention Code that references NFPA 30 and NFPA 45. University laboratories
are classified as a Class B (Moderate Fire Hazard) and the following listed
quantities comply with that classification.
- The total amount of solvents within the
laboratory shall not exceed ten (10) gallons per 100 sq.ft. See
- The total amount of unprotected solvents
within the laboratory shall not exceed (see definitions) five (5) gallons
per 100 sq.ft. See example.
- Solvents in excess of the amounts listed
in item #1 shall be in an inside (bulk) storage rooms meeting NFPA 30.
- Flammable solvents (i.e., flash point
must not be stored in an ordinary refrigerator. Must use an
explosion proof refrigerator
or flammable safe refrigerator.
- Solvent: any flammable or combustible
liquid with a flash point below 200°F, including hazardous waste.
- Unprotected Solvent: any solvent
not in a flammable liquid storage cabinet or safety can.
- Flammable Liquid Storage Cabinet:
a metal cabinet meeting the design and construction requirements of
NFPA 30 and having been tested and listed by Underwriters Laboratories
(UL) or Factor Mutual (FM) Laboratories.
- Safety Can: a metal can meeting
the design and construction requirements of NFPA 30 and having been
tested and listed by Underwriters Laboratories (UL) or Factor Mutual
(FM) Laboratories. The safety can shall be a maximum 2-gallon capacity.
- Inside (Bulk) Storage Room: a
room constructed to meet the requirements of NFPA 30.
- Laboratory: Room/space
within four defining walls or an open-area concept defined with positioning
of lab work benches/shelving.
- Ordinary Container:
A glass container no larger than one gallon or a metal can no larger
than five gallons.
- glass containers should be limited to
1 pint in size whenever practical
- transferring of solvents should always
be done in a laboratory hood or an approved bulk storage room
- rubber carboys should be used when carrying
1-gallon glass containers of liquid
- all 5-gallon metal cans should be stored
in an approved flammable liquid storage cabinet or in an approved
bulk storage room
- glass containers not in use should be
stored in flammable liquid storage cabinets
Contact the Division of Occupational Health & Safety (257-3827)
for additional information on laboratory safety.
January 31, 2003